Selonia Military Training Area 

Information about Selonia Military Training Area

Intensity of military exercise in Latvia has increased since Russian aggression against Ukraine in 2014 and deployment of additional allied forces to Latvia. Therefore, Ministry of Defence (MoD) has been systematically developing and expanding its training infrastructure all over Latvia to help National Armed Forces (NAF) and allied troops enhance their diverse skills. Camp Ādaži has been the biggest training area in the Baltics for almost nine decades. It was expanded in 2017. In parallel, MoD continued to develop other training grounds such as ‘Lāčusils’, a training centre in Alūksne region, or ‘Mežaine’ near Skrunda and ‘Meža Mackeviči’ in Augšdaugava region. All military camps are routinely engaged during training of NAF troops and National Guard. Allied troops also take part in such exercise to be ready to defend Latvia and every inch of our land whenever necessary.

According to definition of Ministry of Defence, one of Latvia’s national defence priorities is to support NATO enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) Battle Group in Latvia. This is achieved through efficient host nation support framework and Latvia’s commitments to other Allies. To accommodate the training needs of a growing force, which will consist of additional allied troops deployed to Baltics based on decisions of the Madrid Summit and strong defence sector NAF personnel recruitment ambitions, Latvia will need to develop a new training centre. Moreover, several Allies have pledged their commitment to Latvia’s security after Russia’s unprovoked aggression against Ukraine on 24 February and additional troops and military equipment has been provided, thus placing increasing demands on the existing military infrastructure. USA, Canada, Denmark and Spain have already deployed additional troops to Latvia this year. Arriving units are integrated in daily exercise routine of NAF and NATO eFP Battle Group in Latvia to enhance their capabilities.

After careful assessment of potential training ground locations, Ministry of Defence and NAF have selected the area surrounding Aizkraukle and Jēkabpils regions.

On June 22, 2023, the Saeima adopted the law on the creation of the Selonia Military Training Area in the second - final - reading, establishing the prerequisites for the creation of a new Military Training Area in the territories of Jēkabpils and Aizkraukles counties.


Saeima adopts the law on development of Selonia Training Area

Selonia military training area

Militārā poligona “Sēlija” attīstības norise (aktuāls uz 20.05.2024.)

Aizsardzības ministrija militārā poligona “Sēlija” attīstībai plāno pārņemt zemi 25596* ha kopplatībā,

  1. 1001 ha privātpersonām (fiziskas un juridiskas personas) piederošu zemi; 

  2. 24595 ha publiskām personām (valsts, pašvaldība) piederošu zemi.

Infrastruktūras izveides un  atsavināšanas process tiek organizēt kārtās. Šobrīd noris pirmās kārtas īstenošana, kas aptver aptuveni 61 % no poligona kopējās platības. Pirmā kārta paredz:

  1. 14 privātpersonām piederošu nekustamo īpašumu ar kopējo platību 160 ha atsavināšanu, kas ir apmēram 16 % no privātpersonām atsavināmās kopējās platības; 
  2. 11 Zemkopības ministrijas valdījumā esošu valsts nekustamo īpašumu ar kopējo platību 15 430 ha pārņemšanu Aizsardzības ministrijas valdījumā, kas ir apmēram 63% no kopējās no publiskajām personām pārņemamās zemes.

2023. gadā Aizsardzības ministrijas valdījumā pārņemti 5 privātpersonu nekustamie īpašumi ar kopējo platību 90.3 ha jeb 56% no pirmajā kārtā paredzētās privātpersonu zemes platības. Atlikušie 9 privātpersonu nekustamie īpašumi ir dažādās atsavināšanas procesa stadijās.

Lai Aizsardzības ministrijas valdījumā pārņemtu 11 Zemkopības ministrijas valdījumā esošus valsts nekustamos īpašumus, sagatavots Ministru kabineta rīkojuma projekts par īpašumu pārņemšanu. Tāpat 2023. gadā noslēgts līgumu ar AS “Latvijas valsts meži” par Sēlijas militārā poligona būvniecības pirmās kārtas izveidei nepieciešamo zemes vienību lietošanu līdz to valdītājai maiņai uz Aizsardzības ministriju.

Šobrīd Aizsardzības ministrijas rīcībā ir 99.6 % no pirmajā kārtā plānotās kopējās platības.

Realizējot Militārā poligona "Sēlija" izveidi, Valsts aizsardzības militāro objektu un iepirkumu centrs sācis poligona infrastruktūras 1. kārtas plāna īstenošanu. Uzsākta nesprāgušās munīcijas zonas, munīcijas uzglabāšanas vietas, šautuvju, teritorijas attīstības meta u.c. būvprojektu izstrāde un noslēgti 4 būvprojektu izstrādes līgumi.

Pirmās kārtas realizācija sākta 2023. gadā, to paredzēts īstenot līdz 2025. gadam.

Paralēli tiek strādāts pie otrās kārtas infrastruktūras izbūves plāna un tehnisko prasību noteikšanas. Galvenie plānotie objekti poligona izveides otrajā kārtā būs:

  • Manevru koridors;
  • Noliktavas;
  • Kazarmas;
  • Ēdnīca;
  • Medicīnas centrs;
  • Cita atbalsta infrastruktūra.

Projekta otro kārtu paredzēts īstenot no 2025. gadam līdz 2030. gadam.

Pabeidzot Sēlijas poligona izveides otro kārtu, tajā varēs uzturēties un tikt apmācīta brigādes līmeņa NATO sabiedroto spēku militārā vienība, kā arī valsts aizsardzības dienesta vienības, tāpat arī citas NBS vienības.

*platība norādīta atbilstoši aktuālajai pārņemšanas, atsavināšanas stadijai.  

Benefits of the residents of Aizkraukle and Jēkabpils region from the creation of Selonia military training area

New military training facility will boost regional growth and fuel the local economies of Aizkraukle un Jēkabpils regions. This will also trigger influx of people, infrastructure upgrades and jobs creation. For example, development of Camp Ādaži and its training centre has been very positive for local businesses.

Local producers and services are providing military with everything it needs, including catering, physical health, entertainment, beauty care and other services. According to Ādaži business owners, allied troops helped them survive the Covid-19 crisis as their share in local consumption amounts to 30%.  Growth in the region and investments in public infrastructure have also pushed real estate value around Ādaži way up.
Local residents will have the opportunity to join military and serve near their home if they want to learn military craft and defend themselves, their relatives, homes and region in case of threats.

It is envisaged that new military training area will also cover territory rich in natural habitats and birds of various species. National Armed Forces are fully committed to all applicable environmental restrictions and ready to treat environment with utmost care. Selonia military training area and noise from its shooting range will not endanger protected bird species or their nesting grounds located in the micro-reserve. Neither environment nor any other natural resources will be harmed. All activities conducted in the military area will comply with requirements of law regarding buffer zones.

Camp Ādaži is a good example of how military camp can coincide with nature. Regular supervised military exercise is a lot less harmful to rare and protected species than intensive farming. Camp Ādaži is both training area of the National Armed Forces and also a NATURA 2000 site, a part of network of nature protection areas in the territory of the European Union that is comprised of Europe’s most valuable natural assets. Other European military camps are also listed as specially protected NATURA 2000 sites because of biological disturbances that create unique patches of habitats that can rarely be encountered anywhere else as a result of intensive military exercise. Environmental protection plans of military camps also pay special attention to spaces between buildings to create natural ‘islands’ or ‘pockets’ that animals and plants can inhabit.

In its daily activities, defence staff will aspire to create as less disturbance for the local community as possible, while also encouraging local residents to treat national defence needs with proper respect and understanding. Those who enjoy picking mushrooms or berries will not be prevented to do so on the most territory of the training facility. Farming near the base will not be restricted either. National Armed Forces are not intending to limit traffic on regional or state roads. However, some temporary restrictions may be introduced during specific training operations and local communities will be notified duly.

Ministry of Defence will extend the existing agreements with hunting associations and hunting will be allowed in future. Hunting sessions will have to be approved by National Armed Forces and hunters will have to follow special safety instructions for training area.