Defence policy

The main directions of the foreign policy of Latvia are closely related to national security issues during active participation in the activities of structural units of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and European Union (EU). They stipulate continuing the close and active transatlantic dialogue and promoting the strengthening of strategic cooperation between Latvia and USA. Simultaneously, Latvia attributes importance also to the establishment of partner relations with the countries of Northern Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

Comprehensive defence

The comprehensive principles for state defence included in the legislative draft state that in the event of a war or military incursion, not only National Armed Forces but also state and municipal administration workers, as well as private and legal persons have the duty to perform activities to ensure state military and civil defence.

Overcoming a military threat is only possible with a full involvement of Latvian residents in the country’s defence. 

The State Defence Concept

Saskaņā ar Nacionālās drošības likuma 29. pantu Aizsardzības ministrija sagatavo Valsts aizsardzības koncepciju (VAK).  VAK ir politikas plānošanas dokuments, kas izstrādāts, pamatojoties uz Militāro draudu analīzi, un nosaka valsts militārās aizsardzības stratēģiskos mērķus, pamatprincipus, prioritātes un pasākumus miera, valsts apdraudējuma un kara laikā. Saskaņā ar Nacionālās drošības likumu Aizsardzības ministrijas izstrādāto VAK izskata Ministru kabinets un apstiprina Saeima ne retāk kā reizi katrā sasaukumā, līdz savas darbības otrā gada 1. oktobrim.

Pamatojoties uz VAK, tiek īstenota valsts aizsardzības politika un plānoti konkrēti valsts aizsardzības politiskie un operacionālie pasākumi, to īstenošanai nepieciešamie resursi, Nacionālo bruņoto spēku (NBS) attīstība, nepieciešamā valsts varas un pārvaldes institūciju, pašvaldību, fizisko un juridisko personu gatavība un darbība miera, valsts apdraudējuma un kara laikā. Valsts aizsardzības pasākumu īstenošana tiek nodrošināta atbilstoši pieejamajiem resursiem, pildot likumos noteiktās NBS funkcijas un uzdevumus. VAK ieviešanu nodrošina valsts institūcijas atbilstoši savai kompetencei un normatīvajos aktos noteiktajiem uzdevumiem.

2020. gadā 24. septembrī Saeimā tika apstiprināta VAK 2020.-2024. gadam. Latvijas aizsardzības politikas stratēģija ir balstīta uz atturēšanu un sekojošiem VAK noteiktajiem galvenajiem darbības virzieniem:

  1. NBS attīstība un nacionālo aizsardzības spēju stiprināšana;
  2. NATO kolektīvās aizsardzības stiprināšana;
  3. Starptautiskās sadarbības veicināšana;
  4. Visaptverošas valsts aizsardzības sistēmas ieviešana.

International cooperation

Latvia has close cooperation in defence sector with Estonia and Lithuania, as well as with Nordic countries, our strategic partner USA and Canada, which is leading country of NATO's eFP battlegroup Latvia.

Public involvement

The Ministry of Defence (MoD) is open for cooperation with civil society and invites non-governmental sector to actively participate in the policy planning and implementation processes of state administration.

The MoD has established a regular cooperation with the non-governmental sector in Latvia and abroad.

Cybersecurity

Latvian state administration, society and economy depend on the opportunities and services ensured by information and communication technology ( ICT), and ICT determines the existence of information society in Latvia.

With the increasing trend of society’s range and use of services in cyber space, the number of cyber attacks and methods in which attacks are carried out is increasing respectively.

Logistics and Defence Investments policy

Ministry of Defence formulates policy for the state defence technical support and logistics, draws up guidelines for the NAF, as well as prepares conceptual documents in the field of logistics.

Scientific research

Ability to guarantee the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Latvia and safety of its population must be seen in context with common environment of science, research, innovations, and technology development. The Ministry of Defence prepares a mediumterm plan for the development of scientific research and longterm guidelines for the development of science, research, and technologies.

Industriju

Environmental protection

Environmental protection has always been a focus of the Ministry of Defence. Already in the year 1999, specialists of the Ministry and the Armed Forces developed the first Environmental Protection Strategy of the Ministry of Defence and the National Armed Forces, and the Action Plan for achieving the objectives set in it.